4.0.0 Methods + Overview



Anchoring to the ground logic



The logic behind the way the pavilion is attached to the ground, is based on a conventional yet effective method: three high-density resin bases connect the surface with foundation points. As viscous resin blends totally with solid resin, we propose that the way the bases are connected to the surface should be using resin to generate a homogeneous and continuous structure. High density resin such as eco-resin or epoxy resin can bear loads in a similar way concrete does, adding the extra advantage of being more plastic which deals with shear stress.

In the central part, the wind funnel acts as a reinforcement colum distributing the overall weight evenly and negotiating the maximum strain areas.

The resin bases could be attached to concrete foundations using bolts or conventional methods.



Finally we are sure that a responsive morhogenesis that deals with a specific location allows high adaptability to different scenarios, where a design process is an evolutionary strategy on which the location will define the fitness criteria and inform the final design.





Critical review of the research:




There are still a lot of issues that need deeper investigation, and the most important is a material investigation. We are sure that new viscous materials that can be used in architecture can and will be produced. We also believe that more efficient manufacturing processes could be investigated as technology evolves at a fast pace.

Viscous morphologies can be infinite depending on different manipulation processes as well, which is an interesting aspect to be investigates, as we just focused our research on uni-axial vertical manipulation.

We would like to propose our research not only as a contribution to Frei Otto’s experimentation with viscous materials, but also as a first step for new generations of students that would be interested in researching on viscous materials.

Finally, in regards to the Desert Pavilion, there are al lot of things that need to be solved or could be re-thought, such as the way it touches the ground, the shell or surface morphological configuration or the possibility of using a third building material.




Through an exhaustive multi-linear experimentation and research we proved the hypothesis on which this research was based, which was that an anisotropic material system and structure could be generated through the manipulation of an isotropic material where performative properties would emerge through an interrogation of the material’s behaviour.

We also proved that an integrated design method which delivered both physical and digital outputs, high adaptability to overlapping design and manufacturing issues that deal with performance, structure, material use and complex geometry could be achieved, as we use a material behaviour investigation as an emergent design tool. Structural capacities and geometry were derived from the material’s inherent properties and it’s reaction and interaction with extrinsic forces.

An interesting output of our research, was the generation of an algorithm and a geometric script based on physics equations, that informed a complex design process, where complex geometries that depend on external forces and the material’s self-organisation could be accurately represented in a digital environment.

We are quite confident on the fact that generating a structure or material system out of a single material, where the material is the component and material system at the same time, would deal with complex manufacturing process and reduce time, energy consumption and manufacturing costs avoiding design and construction constraints that are related to specific geometries or design, where a single a component is unique, meaning that if the component fails or needs to be replaced, it has to be re-manufactured separately.